Policy Memos | Аналитические записки

Policy Memo # 409
Oleksandr Sushko 18 Dec 2015
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) Ukraine’s reform process since the Euromaidan is a story of ambivalence. Progress has been limited by leaders who fear losing political control and by entrenched institutional and bureaucratic interests. Many Ukrainians already view the current leaders—who have yet to prove they are genuine reformers—as transitional figures bridging the “old” and “new.” Talking about countering...
Policy Memo # 408
Andrew Barnes 17 Dec 2015
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) With or without Russian intervention, Ukraine was going to face a difficult road after the Euromaidan revolution. Strikingly, much of the current Western economic aid and advice seems no different from admonitions before the war or, indeed, during the last two decades. Advisers appear to believe that today’s era of “extraordinary politics” will produce different results than the one of the early 1990s. But...
Policy Memo # 407
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) Economic problems associated with Russia’s stagnating economy, sanctions, and ruble devaluation have been accumulating. The growing indebtedness of regional budgets is one indicator that Russia’s economic wellbeing has been fading. Many regional governments have already raised utility prices and initiated spending cuts, slashing education, healthcare, and transportation budgets. Public reaction so far has...
Policy Memo # 406
Yuriy Matsiyevsky 14 Dec 2015
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) Strained by the Euromaidan revolution and Russian reaction, Ukraine’s ineffective institutions have brought the country to a state of near systemic collapse. To develop more capable institutions, Ukraine must build stronger ties to the West than Ukraine’s current association agreement with the European Union can provide. This can only happen, however, if Western states stop treating Ukraine as a component of...
Policy Memo # 405
Robert Orttung 11 Dec 2015
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) Nearly two years after the Euromaidan protests chased Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych from power, corruption remains among the top internal problems hindering the country’s development. Although the Euromaidan protests brought about a change of government, they did not change how the system works. Entrenched interests from the old system remain in place and continue to dictate what happens in the country....
Policy Memo # 404
Polina Sinovets 04 Dec 2015
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) As events in recent years have made clear, Vladimir Putin’s Russia operates by a Cold War logic that divides the globe into spheres of influence: a “balanced system of interests and relations, defined in the world long ago.” For Russia, the conflict in Ukraine is a major battle in the struggle with the West over vital extraterritorial interests. And like in the Cold War, nuclear weapons capabilities...
Policy Memo # 403
Timothy Frye, Scott Gehlbach, Ora John Reuter, Kyle Marquardt 24 Nov 2015
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) Vladimir Putin has managed to achieve and maintain strikingly high public approval ratings throughout his time as president and prime minister of Russia. Kremlin spin doctors help carefully manage Putin’s public image via a heavy dose of propaganda in the state media, punctuated by the occasional shirtless photo or publicity stunt to emphasize his masculinity, and reinforced by a substantial public opinion operation that...
Policy Memo # 403
Timothy Frye, Scott Gehlbach, Ora John Reuter, Kyle Marquardt 24 Nov 2015
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) Vladimir Putin has managed to achieve and maintain strikingly high public approval ratings throughout his time as president and prime minister of Russia. Kremlin spin doctors help carefully manage Putin’s public image via a heavy dose of propaganda in the state media, punctuated by the occasional shirtless photo or publicity stunt to emphasize his masculinity, and reinforced by a substantial public opinion operation that...
Policy Memo # 403
Timothy Frye, Scott Gehlbach, Ora John Reuter, Kyle Marquardt 24 Nov 2015
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) Vladimir Putin has managed to achieve and maintain strikingly high public approval ratings throughout his time as president and prime minister of Russia. Kremlin spin doctors help carefully manage Putin’s public image via a heavy dose of propaganda in the state media, punctuated by the occasional shirtless photo or publicity stunt to emphasize his masculinity, and reinforced by a substantial public opinion operation that...
Policy Memo # 402
Mark Kramer 20 Nov 2015
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) Vladimir Putin has now ruled Russia as president, prime minister, and president for sixteen years. The current political system in Russia, including the corruption that pervades it, bears Putin’s unmistakable imprint. The current system is based in part on patrimonialism, a system in which the central state is the personal domain of the ruler (or a few rulers), who makes no distinction between public and private...

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