Policy Memos

20th Century Tools for 21st Century Challenges: The Limits of Russian Influence in Central Asia and South Caucasus

Policy Memo:


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Since the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia has regarded both Central Asia and the South Caucasus as being within its sphere of influence. It has also been constantly afraid of “losing them to the West.” The critical moment came in the fall of 1991, when U.S. and NATO military bases were established in Central Asia, American military assistance to Azerbaijan and Georgia was enhanced, and there was talk about the creation of military bases in these two countries as well. This news, albeit on the surface accepted by Moscow, created veritable panic. [...]


About the author

Senior Fellow
Vienna Center for Disarmament and Non‑Proliferation