Anar Valiyev Anar Valiyev
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) With the diminishing engagement of the United States in the South Caucasus[1] and the weak position of the EU as it deals with Brexit,[2] other world powers and major centers of gravity have begun to fill the vacuum. While traditional powers such as Russia use hard...
Elizabeth Wishnick Elizabeth Wishnick
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) As Moscow and Beijing enter into the 70th year of their relationship since the Communist Revolution in China, what does the apparent bromance between Presidents Xi Jinping and Vladimir Putin portend for their countries? One short answer: increased Russian ice cream...
PONARS Eurasia
(Background Briefing with Ian Masters) A discussion with Lisa Graves, Keith Darden, and Katherine Hite on "a phony rebellion for the pleasure of a leader demanding devotion; how rudy giuliani became manafort's crooked replacement; turmoil in the south from chile to haiti, from ecuador to bolivia."...
PONARS Eurasia
(Roll Call) On June 6, Russian-allied forces in Ukraine’s eastern Donbass region fired a volley of artillery shells on Ukrainian soldiers based in a rural area, even though Moscow had signed a ceasefire agreement the day before.  Two young Ukrainian soldiers — 28-year-old Dmytro Pryhlo and 23-year-...
Konstantin Sonin
(BFI Working Paper | Co-authored with Austin Wright) Information operations are considered a central element of modern warfare, yet there remains little, if any, systematic evidence of their effectiveness. Using a geographic quasi-experiment conducted during Operation Enduring Freedom in...
Pavel Baev
(EDM) The Grom 2019 exercise of Russian strategic forces last week (October 15–17) received limited media attention, which was overwhelmed by the escalation of the Syrian calamity (see EDM, October 17) and the continuation of the Brexit drama. But this year’s Grom maneuvers were, in fact,...
Ora John Reuter
(Post-Soviet Affairs | By David Armstrong, Ora John Reuter, and Graeme Robertson) Abstract: It is widely recognized that unified oppositions present a bigger threat to dictators than divided oppositions. In this paper, we use micro-level data on opposition protests in Putin-era Russia to examine...
Mikhail Troitskiy Mikhail Troitskiy
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) Actors in world politics often claim positions in the global pecking order on the basis of their ability to achieve desired outcomes in major areas of interest. Nations that are convinced in the effectiveness of their statecraft become worried if someone else...

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